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Urology


Answer 3
  1. Squamous cell carcinoma. Worldwide, bladder cancer has been definitively linked to the parasite Schistosoma haematobium. This chronic infection can lead to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In Egyptian men, SCC of the bladder has the highest incidence of any cancer. Adenocarcinoma accounts for less than 2% of primary bladder cancers. Small cell carcinoma is an extremely rare primary bladder cancer. In the United States, transitional cell carcinoma is the leading pathologic carcinoma of the bladder and has been linked to cigarette smoking and use of aniline dyes. SCC, although rare in the United States, can be found in patients with indwelling catheters.

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