Turner White CommunicationsAbout TWCSubscribeContact TWCHomeSearch
Hospital PhysicianJCOMSMPBRMsCart
Current Contents
Past Issue Archives
Self-Assessment Questions
Review of
Clinical Signs
Clinical Review
Pediatric Rounds
Resident Grand Rounds
Article Archives
Case Reports
Clinical Practice
Pediatric Rounds
Resident Grand Rounds
Review of
Clinical Signs

Guide to Reading
Hospital Physician
Editorial Board
Information for Authors

Reprints, Permissions, & Copyright
Site Map
Self-Assessment Questions


Answer 3
  1. Squamous cell carcinoma. Worldwide, bladder cancer has been definitively linked to the parasite Schistosoma haematobium. This chronic infection can lead to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In Egyptian men, SCC of the bladder has the highest incidence of any cancer. Adenocarcinoma accounts for less than 2% of primary bladder cancers. Small cell carcinoma is an extremely rare primary bladder cancer. In the United States, transitional cell carcinoma is the leading pathologic carcinoma of the bladder and has been linked to cigarette smoking and use of aniline dyes. SCC, although rare in the United States, can be found in patients with indwelling catheters.

Click here to return to the questions


Hospital Physician     JCOM     Seminars in Medical Practice
Hospital Physician Board Review Manuals
About TWC    Subscribe    Contact TWC    Home    Search   Site Map

Copyright © 2009, Turner White Communications
Updated 1/04/08 • kkj