For patients who have a family history of prostate cancer, prostate-specific
antigen screening is currently recommended to begin at age 40 years and be
repeated every 2 years thereafter. Studies indicate the existence of a
hereditary form of prostate cancer, and individuals with this type of
cancer usually present at a younger age and have higher-grade tumors than
do those with a nonhereditary form of prostate cancer. African American
men, regardless of family history, should also undergo screening beginning
at age 40 years. Prostate cancer in this subset of patients tends to be
more aggressive and is often diagnosed at a later stage; therefore, earlier
screening for this population is recommended.
- 40 years.
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Seminars in Medical Practice
Hospital Physician Board Review Manuals
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