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Urology


Answer 2
  1. 40 years. For patients who have a family history of prostate cancer, prostate-specific antigen screening is currently recommended to begin at age 40 years and be repeated every 2 years thereafter. Studies indicate the existence of a hereditary form of prostate cancer, and individuals with this type of cancer usually present at a younger age and have higher-grade tumors than do those with a nonhereditary form of prostate cancer. African American men, regardless of family history, should also undergo screening beginning at age 40 years. Prostate cancer in this subset of patients tends to be more aggressive and is often diagnosed at a later stage; therefore, earlier screening for this population is recommended.

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