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Self-Assessment Questions

Pulmonary Disease


Answer 3
  1. Increase PEEP. The largest trial of a volume- and pressure-limited strategy showed a 9% decrease in all-cause mortality in patients ventilated with tidal volumes of 6 mL/kg of estimated lean body weight as compared with a tidal volume of 12 mL/kg (target plateau pressure, < 30 cm H2O).3 Based on the results of this study, a strategy of using low tidal volume and high PEEP is recommended for mechanical ventilation of acute lung injury/ARDS patients.

    REFERENCES
    3. Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome. The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network. N Engl J Med 2000; 342:1301-8.

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