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Self-Assessment Questions

Psychiatry


Answer 1
  1. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), predominantly inattentive type. Although most individuals with ADHD have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with their developmental level, there are some in whom one or the other pattern is predominant. The appropriate subtype for a diagnosis should be based on the predominant symptom pattern (ie, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type, predominantly inattentive type, or combined type). Children with the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD often exhibit similar symptoms (eg, fidgeting with hands or feet, squirming in or leaving their seat in the classroom, running or climbing excessively in situations in which such activity is inappropriate, not playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly, acting as if "driven by a motor," talking excessively, blurting out answers before questions have been completed, and interrupting or intruding on others during conversations or games).
        Children with oppositional behaviors such as oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) generally exhibit a pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behaviors lasting at least 6 months. They often lose their temper, argue with adults, actively refuse to comply with adults’ requests or rules, deliberately annoy others, blame others for mistakes or inappropriate behavior, are touchy or easily annoyed by others, and are often angry, resentful, spiteful, or vindictive. Symptoms of conduct disorder include aggression toward people or animals, destruction of property, and a pattern of theft or deceit.

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