extensively investigated psychosocial therapies for PTSD are the cognitive behavioral
and behavioral therapies. These treatments are a mainstay for treatment of PTSD.
Many other types of psychosocial therapies have also proved to be useful,
including trauma-focused psychodynamic therapy, hypnosis, eye-movement
desensitization reprocessing, and relaxation therapies. Psychotherapy is an
important component in the treatment of most people who suffer from PTSD.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy in combination with an antidepressant.
A variety of medications have also been
tried for patients with PTSD. In controlled trials, the tricyclic
antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, and selective serotonin
reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have all proved to have efficacy in reducing
symptoms of PTSD. Anxiolytics such as the benzodiazepines have not proven
to be as helpful in controlled trials. A significant number of patients
with PTSD do not achieve full remission with either medication or
psychotherapy alone, so the combination of treatments is recommended.
Click here to return to the questions
Seminars in Medical Practice
Hospital Physician Board Review Manuals
Copyright © 2009, Turner White Communications
Updated 1/04/08 kkj