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Self-Assessment Questions

Pediatric Medicine

Answer 5
  1. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Ecstasy). Recently, Ecstasy has gained popularity in clubs and at dance parties. It is a CNS stimulant and may cause a dramatic increase in body temperature up to 40°C (104°F). Hyperthermia possibly occurs from actively exercising (eg, dancing) in a hot environment for prolonged periods of time. Hyponatremia is caused by altered antidiuretic hormone release and rapid oral hydration with hypotonic solutions (eg, alcohol, water). Flunitrazepam, gamma butyrolactone (GBL), and gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) are CNS depressants. Flunitrazepam, which is known as “the date rape drug,” is a benzodiazepine with a potent amnestic effect. GBL and GHB may cause respiratory depression or arrest. Phencyclidine may cause hyperthermia, tachycardia, and seizure, but it can be detected on a routine toxicology screen. Ecstasy cannot be found on a routine toxicology screen.

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