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Obstetrics & Gynecology


Answer 1
  1. Epithelial ovarian cancer. The incidence of epithelial ovarian cancer is age-related, and this cancer is generally a disease of postmenopausal women (median age of diagnosis, 63 yr).1 Ovarian epithelial carcinoma is the leading cause of death from a gynecologic cancer in the United States, and there is an increasing mortality rate for women 65 years of age and older.2 Ovarian epithelial cancers arise from the mesothelial layer, which covers the surface of the ovary. Endodermal sinus tumors, dysgerminomas, and mature teratomas are ovarian germ cell tumors, and they rarely occur after the third decade of life.

    REFERENCES
    1. Bhoola S, Hoskins WJ. Diagnosis and management of epithelial ovarian cancer. Obstet Gynecol 2006;107: 1399-410.

    2. Oriel KA, Hartenbach EM, Remington PL. Trends in United States ovarian cancer mortality, 1979-1995. Obstet Gynecol 1999;93:30-3.

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