Turner White CommunicationsAbout TWCSubscribeContact TWCHomeSearch
Hospital PhysicianJCOMSMPBRMsCart
Current Contents
Past Issue Archives
Self-Assessment Questions
Review of
Clinical Signs
Clinical Review
Pediatric Rounds
Resident Grand Rounds
Article Archives
Case Reports
Clinical Practice
Pediatric Rounds
Resident Grand Rounds
Review of
Clinical Signs

Guide to Reading
Hospital Physician
Editorial Board
Information for Authors

Reprints, Permissions, & Copyright
Site Map
Self-Assessment Questions

Infectious Diseases

Answer 5
  1. Linezolid. Based on the patient’s clinical presentation and results of sputum testing, she likely has bacterial pneumonia caused by S. aureus. An antibiotic with MRSA coverage, such as linezolid, should be initiated for treatment of presumed staphylococcal pneumonia. Prompt treatment is important as demonstrated in 2 recent reports that found a combined mortality rate of 40% in 25 otherwise healthy patients (median age, 21 and 17.8 yr, respectively) with CA-MRSA associated with severe pneumonia following influenza-like illnesses.11,12 Ribavirin has antiviral properties and is used to treat viral pneumonia, not bacterial pneumonia. Gentamicin would not be the best choice in this setting as it is not used as monotherapy for staphylococcal infections and it only has synergistic activity against gram-positive organisms. Although levofloxacin has extended coverage for Streptococcus species, it does not have reliable activity against MRSA. Daptomycin has excellent anti-MRSA activity but does not achieve adequate concentrations in fluid obtained from the epithelial lining of the lungs because it irreversibly binds to lung surfactant.

    11. Hageman JC, Uyeki TM, Francis JS, et al. Severe community-acquired pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus, 2003-04 influenza season. Emerg Infect Dis 2006;12:894-9.

    12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Severe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus community-acquired pneumonia associated with influenza—Louisiana and Georgia, December 2006-January 2007. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2007;56:325-9.

Click here to return to the questions


Hospital Physician     JCOM     Seminars in Medical Practice
Hospital Physician Board Review Manuals
About TWC    Subscribe    Contact TWC    Home    Search   Site Map

Copyright © 2009, Turner White Communications
Updated 5/23/08 • nvf