Turner White CommunicationsAbout TWCSubscribeContact TWCHomeSearch
Hospital PhysicianJCOMSMPBRMsCart
Current Contents
Past Issue Archives
Interactive:
Self-Assessment Questions
Review of
Clinical Signs
Clinical Review
Quiz
Pediatric Rounds
Resident Grand Rounds
Article Archives
Case Reports
Clinical Practice
Exams
Pediatric Rounds
Resident Grand Rounds
Review of
Clinical Signs

Guide to Reading
Hospital Physician
Editorial Board
Information for Authors

Reprints, Permissions, & Copyright
Site Map
Self-Assessment Questions

Infectious Diseases


Answer 2
  1. Airborne and contact precautions. Certain clinical conditions or syndromes warrant institution of empiric infection control precautions to prevent transmission of epidemiologically important pathogens.2 Airborne precautions, including private negative pressure rooms and use of respiratory protection (eg, N95 masks), are recommended for patients with infections such as tuberculosis, varicella, and measles, which are transmitted as airborne droplet nuclei (≤ 5 mm). In addition, contact precautions are indicated for patients with varicella skin lesions. Droplet precautions are necessary in situations involving large droplet nuclei more than 5 mm (eg, influenza, invasive Neisseria meningitidis disease, pertussis).

    REFERENCE
    2.
     Garner JS; Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. Available at www.cdc.gov/ncidod/hip/ISOLAT/Isolat.htm. Accessed 4 Jan 2005.

Click here to return to the questions

 

Hospital Physician     JCOM     Seminars in Medical Practice
Hospital Physician Board Review Manuals
About TWC    Subscribe    Contact TWC    Home    Search   Site Map

Copyright © 2009, Turner White Communications
Updated 1/04/08 • kkj