Adult women, family history of osteoporosis, Asian or Caucasian race, cigarette smoking, and advanced age are all risk factors for osteoporosis. Other risk factors include alcoholism, malnutrition, vegetarian diet, and sedentary lifestyle. The use of certain medications (eg, phenytoin sodium, carbamazepine, corticosteroids, heparin, furosemide) can also be a risk factor for osteoporosis. Certain medical conditions (eg, Cushings syndrome, hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis) as well as long-term renal dialysis can also lead to osteoporosis.
- African American race.
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