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Self-Assessment Questions

Family Medicine

Osteoporosis: Review Questions

Paul F. Roberts, MD

Dr. Roberts is an Instructor of Family Medicine and Senior Associate Consultant, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL.

Choose the single best answer for each question.

1. Fractures are the major complication of osteoporosis. Which one of the following fractures is the most severe in patients with osteoporosis?
  1. Vertebral body fracture
  2. Wrist fracture
  3. Hip fracture
  4. Humerus fracture
  5. Tibia fracture
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2. Using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), which of the following criteria is diagnostic for osteoporosis?

  1. T score of +2.0 to +1.0
  2. T score of +1.0 to -1.0
  3. T score of -1.0 to -2.5
  4. T score of -2.5 or less
  5. None of the above
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3. Which of the following represents the recommended daily dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D in the treatment of established osteoporosis?

  1. 800 mg/day of calcium,
    100 U/day of vitamin D
  2. 900 mg/day of calcium,
    200 U/day of vitamin D
  3. 1200 mg/day of calcium, 200 to 400 U/day of
    vitamin D
  4. 1500 mg/day of calcium, 400 to 800 U/day of
    vitamin D
  5. 1800 mg/day of calcium, 800 to 1000 U/day of
    vitamin D
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4. All of the following are risk factors for developing osteoporosis EXCEPT:
  1. Asian or Caucasian race
  2. African American race
  3. Cigarette smoking
  4. Advanced age
  5. Family history of osteoporosis
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5. All of the following medications are used in the treatment of established osteoporosis EXCEPT:

  1. Calcitonin
  2. Estrogen
  3. Rofecoxib
  4. Raloxifene
  5. Alendronate
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6. Which of the following medications can be used for its analgesic effect in patients with painful osteoporotic fractures?

  1. Calcitonin
  2. Risedronate
  3. Raloxifene
  4. Estrogen
  5. None of the above
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