Coronary artery disease is the most
common cause of death in patients whose hypertension is under control.
Hypertension is the strongest risk factor for stroke, and 1 of the 3 main
risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis (the other risk factors are
smoking and hyperlipidemia). Hypertension can also lead to renal
failure at a young age. Uncontrolled hypertension causes increased
left ventricular pressure, which over time can cause cardiomegaly and
left ventricular dysfunction.1
- Coronary artery disease.
1. Beers MH, Berkow R, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis
and therapy. 17th ed. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories;
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