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Family Medicine

Answer 4
  1. Coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of death in patients whose hypertension is under control. Hypertension is the strongest risk factor for stroke, and 1 of the 3 main risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis (the other risk factors are smoking and hyperlipidemia). Hypertension can also lead to renal failure at a young age. Uncontrolled hypertension causes increased left ventricular pressure, which over time can cause cardiomegaly and left ventricular dysfunction.1

    1. Beers MH, Berkow R, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 17th ed. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1999:1629-46.

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