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Family Medicine

Answer 1
  1. More women than men have essential hypertension. Although the prevalence of essential hypertension in women is less than that in men, the actual number of women with essential hypertension is greater. Between 1988 and 1991, an estimated 21,900,000 American women and 21,287,000 men had the condition. The age-adjusted prevalence of essential hypertension is greatest in non-Hispanic black adults (32%); in Mexican American adults, it is 23%. Mexican Americans have a lower prevalence of the disease than do white or black adults. Non-Hispanic white men have the lowest prevalence of essential hypertension. The overall prevalence of essential hypertension in Americans is approximately 25%.1

    1. Beers MH, Berkow R, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 17th ed. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 1999:1629-46.

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