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Emergency Medicine

Answer 6
  1. Henoch-Schönlein purpura. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is an inflammatory vasculitis characterized by nonthrombocytopenic petechiae/purpura, arthritis, gastrointestinal symptoms, and various renal manifestations. Erysipelas is an infection involving a localized area of the dermis and superficial lymphatic system and is caused by group A ß-hemolytic streptococci. Ecthyma is an ulcerative skin lesion that penetrates into the dermis. Rocky Mountain spotted fever is an acute, infectious disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii. Common manifestations of the disease include fever, headache, and a characteristic rash. Meningococcemia is a life-threatening infection, characterized by a rash that is often generalized, with petechiae and purpura.

    SUGGESTED READING
    1. Zitelli BJ, Davis HW, editors. Atlas of pediatric physical diagnosis. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby-Wolfe; 1997.

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