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Emergency Medicine

Answer 3
  1. Tinea capitis. Tinea capitis is a fungal infection of the scalp and is almost always caused by Trichophyton tonsurans. Topical antifungal medications do not penetrate deeply enough into the scalp to be effective in treating the infection; therefore, oral administration of antifungal medications is necessary. Tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea pedis, and tinea versicolor can be treated with topical antifungal medications.

    SUGGESTED READING
    1. Zitelli BJ, Davis HW, editors. Atlas of pediatric physical diagnosis. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby-Wolfe; 1997.

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