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Critical Care Medicine

Answer 1
  1. Pediatric TBI survival is better than that of similarly injured adults. TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults; approximately 25,000 children die or become permanently disabled because of head injuries every year.1 It is estimated that there are nearly 1.6 million head injuries every year in the United States, with more than 250,000 of these patients being admitted to the hospital.2,3 The survival of children with head injuries is better than that of similarly injured adults.4

    1. Guerrero JL, Thurman DJ, Sniezek JE. Emergency department visits associated with traumatic brain injury: United States, 1995–1996. Brain Inj 2000;14:181–6.

    2. Varon J, Marik PE. The management of head trauma in children. Crit Care Shock 2002;5:133–43.

    3. Traumatic brain injury‹Colorado, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Utah, 1990–1993. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 1997;46:8–11.

    4. Mazzola CA, Adelson PD. Critical care management of head trauma in children. Crit Care Med 2002;30 (11 Suppl):S393–401.

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