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Review of Clinical Signs

Answer 1
  1. Bronchial breath sounds, egophony, and inspiratory crackles. The patient has a right lower lobe infiltrate suggestive of lobar pneumonia. Bronchial breath sounds are transmitted to the peripheral lung field via the consolidation. Egophony will be present owing to the consolidation and can be checked by listening for the transformation of the spoken “Ee” to “Aa.” The inspiratory crackles are produced by the opening snaps of many pus-filled alveoli. A left upper lobe mass is also evident on the radiograph. This mass is most likely a neoplasm.

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