J Clin Outcomes Manage
Supporting behavior change in overweight patients: a guide for the primary care physician
Newton RL Jr, Milsom VA, Nackers LM, Anton SD
Abstract Objective: To describe behavioral components of lifestyle obesity treatments and practical strategies for their delivery. Methods: Review of the literature. Results: Obesity should be viewed as a chronic disease that requires long-term treatment. Behavioral habits (dietary intake and physical activity) and psychological factors should be assessed in all overweight patients during medical visits. Behavioral treatments producing modest weight losses of 5% to 10% of initial body weight lead to clinically meaningful health benefits. Multicomponent programs that incorporate behavioral change strategies with dietary and physical activity modifications provide the most effective weight management treatments. Physicians can overcome barriers to the implementation of efficacious weight management programs by leveraging existing resources. Conclusion: Primary care physicians can effectively deliver behavioral weight management programs within the time-limited primary care setting.
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