J Clin Outcomes Manage
Restless legs syndrome
Chan A, Kushida CA
Program Audience Primary care physicians Educational Needs Addressed Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurologic condition affecting approximately 5% to 15% of the general population. Characterized by unpleasant sensations deep inside the legs, the disorder occurs at rest and is associated with an irresistible urge to move the legs. A majority of patients who have RLS are also found to have periodic limb movements during sleep, described as repetitive, stereotyped flexions of the hip, knee, and ankle. Both RLS and periodic limb movement disorder can be detrimental to patients who experience frequent symptoms; these disorders can further lead to sleep fragmentation or insomnia and, therefore, daytime somnolence. Great strides have been made in understanding the pathophysiology of these disorders and finding effective treatment options. Clinicians should know the pertinent details surrounding these conditions in order to be able to complete thorough evaluations of patients with RLS symptoms and appropriately manage them. Educational Objectives After participating in this CME activity, primary care physicians should be able to 1.Know the diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome (RLS) 2. Assess patients with RLS symptoms 3.Describe the pathophysiology of RLS 4. Know the differential diagnosis of RLS 5. Describe management strategies for patients with RLS
Case-Based Review, CME
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